论That引导 硕士论文的从句

论That引导 硕士论文的从句

XX学校2011年元硕士论文 旦晚会策划方案

一、晚会主题: 二、晚会目标:连系学生情谊,揭示学校学生多才多艺及各社团风范,欢庆元旦恭贺新年 三、节目特点:切合晚会主题,环绕晚会三大篇章:戴德篇、创新篇、展望篇

摘要:that是个常见词,可以 引导差异种类的 从句,用法较量巨大,学生在进修中容易夹杂他们的用法。将具体总结that 引导的 从句,阐明较量它们的用法,以辅佐学生更好地把握that从句,并让学生在进修其他语法现象时有所警惕。
  要害词:that从句;用法;较量
  中图分类号:G642.3文献符号码:A文章编号:1673-291X(2009)30-0223-02
  
  1. that引导主语从句(Subject Clauses)
  (1)That引导主语从句,在句中充当主语的身分。
  ①That prices will go up is certain.物价要上涨是必定的。
  ②That she was able to come made us very happy.她能来使我们很兴奋。
  (2)当that引导的主语从句太长时,常用it作形式主语而把that从句放在后头,口语中that有时可以省略。用it作形式主语的that从句主要有下面几类:
  a. It + be +形容词+ that从句
  It is natural that they should have different views.
  他们有差异的概念是很自然的。
  b. It + be +名词+ that从句
  It’s a pity (that) he can't swim.真遗憾他不会游泳。
  c. It +动词(+宾语或状语)+ that从句
  It so happens that I know the artist. 我可巧认识那位艺术家。
  d. It +动词的被动语态+ that从句
  It is said that the book has been translated into several foreign languages. 听说,那本书已被译成了几种外语。
  2. that引导宾语从句(Object Clauses)
  有大量的动词可以跟that引导的从句作宾语,如agree,believe,claim,decide,expect,find,guess,hear,insist,know,learn,realize,say,see,suggest,think,tell,wish等,口语中that常可省略,但在下面环境中不能省略:第一,在suggest, order等暗示呼吁、请求、发起等动词后的宾语从句中,不能省。第二,由and或but所毗连的两个宾语从句时,第一个从句中的that可以省,第二个从句中的that不能省。第三,that引导的宾语从句,假如从句中尚有其他状语从句,引导宾语从句的that不能省略
  ①I know she was against us. 我知道她阻挡我们。②I suggest that we should leave early for the airport. 我发起我们早点动身去机场。③She said(that )she would come and that she would bring her daughter. 她说她要来,并把女儿带来。 ④Tell him that if he is at home, I'll call to see him. 汇报他假如他在家,我就去造访他。
  3. that 引导表语从句(Predicative Clauses)
  that引导的表语从句,放在接洽动词后,在句中充当表语的身分,that有时可省略,譬喻:
  ①The fact is(that)she never liked him. 事实是她从来未喜欢过他。
  ②The reason why so many people were killed in the big fire is that the building was built without any fire escapes . 这么多的人在大火中丧生,其原因是那座楼房里没有太平门。
  4. that引导同位语从句(Appositive Clauses)
  有许多名词后可以跟that引导的从句,说明其内容,可称为同位语从句。这种名词有fact,idea,belief,conclusion,evidence,information,message, news,opinion,order,proof,proposal,report, rumour, rule,suggestion,truth,view等,譬喻:
  ①We are surprised at the fact that the children did it on their own .
  传闻孩子们独立做那件事,我们感想受惊。
  ②He heard the news that his team had won. 他听到动静说他的球队得胜了。
  1.that引导定语从句时,凡是仅引导限制性定语从句,前面不消逗号。在从句中作主语时可指人或物,相当于who或which;在从句中作宾语时常可省略,相当于whom或which; 在从句中作表语,暗示性质,可以省略。譬喻:
  ①The letter that / which ca本文来自(),未经答允,不得转载。me this morning is from my teacher of English.
  本日上午递到的信是我英语老师寄来的。
  ②Is he the man that / who sells stationary?
  他就是卖文具的那小我私家吗?
  ③That’s the man (that / whom) I was talking about.
  那正是我所谈到的人。
  ④He’s not the man(that)he was.
  他此刻不是像已往那样的人了。
  2.用that不消which的七种环境:
  ①先行词前有形容词第一流或序数词修饰时,用that不消which引导。如:
  This is the best article that has ever been written on the subject. 迄今为止在有关这个题目标文章中,这一篇是最好的。
  ②先行词为little,much,all,none,few,(the)one,something,everything,nothing,anything等不定代词时,用that引导。如:
  This reference book contains much(little)that is useful.这本参考书中有许多(没有几多)有用的对象。, 硕士论文硕士论文

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